Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure given to someone who is in cardiac arrest or unconscious. A cardiac arrest is caused by an electrical problem in the heart. This problem causes the heart to stop pumping blood. When one is in cardiac arrest, he/she stops breathing. Without CPR such a person may die. CPR helps to pump blood around a person’s body when the heart can’t.
CPR in steps:
- Place your hands on top of one another, in the middle of the chest of the person you’re performing CPR on.
- Use your weight to administer compressions that are at least 2 inches deep.
- The compressions should be delivered at a rate of about 100 compressions in a minute.
- Deliver rescue breaths (mouth to mouth). With the person’s head slightly tilted back and chin lifted.
- Pinch the nose shut and place your mouth over the person’s mouth to make a complete seal.
- Blow into the person’s mouth to make the chest rise. Deliver two rescue breaths.
- Continue compressions
CPR should continue till the person exhibits signs such as breathing or till a medical expert arrives.
How does CPR help?
The chest compressions and rescue breaths take over the role of the heart and lungs. They help to pump blood and oxygen around the body of the recipient.