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7 quick facts Nigerians need to know about monkeypox

On October 4, news broke that there was a suspected outbreak of monkeypox in Bayelsa state. The health commissioner said: “Recently in Bayelsa State, we noticed a suspected outbreak of monkeypox. It has not been confirmed. We have sent samples to the World Health Organisation’s reference laboratory in Dakar, Senegal.

“When that comes out, we will be sure that it is confirmed. But from all indications, it points towards it. As the name implies, the virus was first seen in monkey, but can also be found in all bush animals such as rats, squirrels and antelopes.

“The source is usually all animals. It was first seen in monkeys and that is why it is called monkeypox. But every bush animals such as rats, squirrels, and antelopes are involved.

“So, the secretions from particularly dead animals are highly contagious.”


He also listed the symptoms of the disease as severe headache, fever, back pains, etc. and noted that it came with bigger rashes than the smallpox.

He said: “We have seen cases from as far as Biseni. We invited the NCDC together with our own epidemiological team from the Bayelsa Ministry of Health.

“We have been able to trace most of the people who have come in contact with the patients. So far, we have 10 patients and we have created an isolation centre at the NDUTH and most of them are on admission and we are following up the 49 cases that we are suspecting might come down with the illness.

“As a state, we are taking care of all the expenses of all the isolated cases. The disease has an incubation period and it is also self-limiting in the sense that within two to four weeks, you get healed and it confers you with immunity for life.

“We have mobilised virtually every arsenal at our disposal in terms of sensitising the general public and making them aware by radio programmes, jingles and fliers. So, the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control has mobilised fully to Bayelsa State. We are on top of the situation.

“The only thing I will tell the general public is to observe hand hygiene and ensure they don’t come in contact with dead animals and their secretions. The disease is air-borne too. So when you come down with it, it is very infectious. “People should wash their hands whenever they go in or come out of their houses.

“If they come in touch with animals, they should ensure that they wash their hands. They should be very vigilant. People should report any similar cases to the relevant authorities.

“A lot of people have come down with the symptoms, but they are hiding in their houses. If they hide, there is the propensity for the infection to spread. 

“It is better to quarantine them and treat them so that we can interrupt the spread of the disease. “People should be calm and they shouldn’t get frightened. The state has distributed personal protective equipment to workers and they are using them.” 


Here are some ways it is transmitted:

1. Contact with infected monkeys

2. Contact with infected rodents

3. Bites and scratches from infected animals

4. Eating inadequately cooked meat

5. Contact with respiratory secretions of an infected person

6. Contact with blood, body fluids, rash of an infected person

7. Contact with clothing of an infected person

Every day the number of states affected by the monkeypox is increasing. So far Bayelsa, Rivers, Ekiti, Akwa Ibom, Lagos, Ogun, Cross Rivers states have been affected.

Thankfully, small pox vaccine, hand washing with soap and water or alcohol based sanitizer and avoiding ill or dead suspects will help prevent being infected.

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