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ENDOMETRIOSIS is not the same as Fibroids

En.do.me.tri.o.sis is a common condition that results when the lining of the womb does not fully leave the body during a menstrual cycle. Instead it embeds itself on surrounding organs causing severe lower abdominal pain.

 

 

Causes

 Generally unknown but there are speculations that it can be ;

  • Genetic
  • Problems with the immune system
  • Retrograde menstruation

Do I have any symptoms?

  • Severe cramping
  • Painful menstrual cycle
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Heavy menstrual flow
  • Difficulty in conceiving
  • Irregular bleeding
  • Lower abdominal pain

How severe the symptoms are depends largely on where in your body the endometriosis is, rather than the amount of endometriosis you have.

 When do I go to my Doctor?

As soon as you become aware of any of the symptoms above, it is worth booking an appointment with your GP

How will I be diagnosed?

 Due to the nature of the condition, it is usually difficult to pick up on a scan. Therefore a laparoscopy is usually done to diagnose.

 What is the treatment?

  Medical

  • Drugs to stop normal menstrual cycle i.e birth control pill
  • Laser treatment

Management

 In addition, a study was done in 2014 by F.Parazzini’s group on the relationship between diet and pelvic endometriosis. Their results showed that an increase in fruits and vegetable consumption reduced the risk of endometriosis while an increase in red meat seemed to increase the chances of endometriosis.

Endometriosis and pregnancy

This condition makes it difficult to get pregnant or can make one infertile. However there is good evidence coupled with successful surgeries that remove areas of endometriosis.

If you suffer from endometriosis and become pregnant, your pregnancy is not at risk instead pregnancies are known to reduce the symptoms of endometriosis because of no menstrual cycle.

Facts

  • Pregnancy may relive symptoms but it is not a cure
  • It can be treated effectively with drugs
  • General lack of awareness relating to this condition
  • There is no cure.
  • No on is too young to have endometriosis
  • A lot of misdiagnosis
  • Endometriosis does not equal infertility

Further information- The World Endometriosis Society and World Endometriosis Research Foundation have published Facts about endometriosis.

 

Image sources- Google

 

By Yvonne Obike

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